CBD: what it is and what it does

CBD: what it is and what it does
Cannabis is a unique plant, very rich in different chemicals. It contains a large number of cannabinoids including the most famous: cannabidiol and tetrahydrocannabidiol.

CBD and THC have the same chemical composition, 21 carbon atoms, 30 hydrogen atoms and two oxygen atoms.

The difference is that they don’t have the same chemical arrangement and the body receives them as different compounds. These compounds bind to neurotransmitters in the brain and affect things like mood, pain, sleep and memory.

Psychoactive component

The THC compound is the most famous for the high sensation that derives from, a psychoactive response, the alteration of transmission’s processes of signals and information between nerve cells: that is the basis of every psychological phenomenon, from emotions to memories, from learning to perception, from motor skills to intellectual skills. For that, THC is still illegal in many states.

CBD, alternatively, is considered a “non-psychoactive” compound, which means that the alienation we associate with THC is not achieved. Although CBD can legally have traces of THC up to 0.5%, That’s not enough to provoke a psychoactive response.

CBD is known to have many health benefits with no psychoactive side effects.

THC and CBD are certainly the ones that stand out in quantity in cannabis (sativa or indica) inflorescences, but the process to consider them separately was not a small one.

It also had significant consequences in terms of awareness of the total difference in each of the effects on humans.

Nowadays, cannabis and hemp species generally have a much higher rate of THC than CBD, CBG, CBN and CBDA. This leads to greater difficulty in detecting and isolating the effects of cannabidiol (CBD), which are often overshadowed by the high THC psychotropic ones.


A long time ago, we had a completely different situation. When traditional chinese doctors wrote about the many benefits of cannabis, they were talking about a plant with both CBD and THC.

This heritage remained throughout the centuries until the marijuana plant was almost automatically associated with the particular drug it contained: THC, lately banned as a drug in many legal systems.

Given its multiple uses, science has shown a renewed interest in this plant, remained dormant due to the severe restrictions, imposed during the prohibition period.

In recent studies on hemp, the beneficial and therapeutic power of CBD has come out, leaving most scholars amazed. The analyzing process that confirms the results derived from these researches is still at an early but very promising stage.

The many benefits of CBD

First of all, it is fascinating to discover the effects that CBD use can have on the entire human body.

With full-spectrum CBD assumption, our cannabinoid receptors are activated. They trigger a rebalancing action of most of the functions of our organs, in particular concerning the nervous system, both central and peripheral, resulting in a situation of general well-being, the so-called homeostasis.

Based on these facts and modern studies, it has been found that CBD has no particular side effects, not even related to interactions with other drugs or abuse of consumption; this is why people start to assume cannabis products with high cannabidiol and why CBD could be used in medicine and pharmaceutical fields.

These claims often begin with anecdotal evidence, followed by animal research and studies. Human studies are finally starting to fill in the gaps around CBD’s touted benefits.

Following, what has emerged about human intake of CBD.

CBD and anxiety

So far, most research on CBD suggests that it can be useful for anxiety symptoms by affecting the activity in the serotonin system. The studies were later also done separately on both adolescents and adults.

Concretely, for quick relief from acute stress and anxiety, there’s the possibility to vaporize varieties with a high CBD content that also contain a series of botanical compounds. Clean and laboratory-tested CBD oil can be a valid alternative.

CBD and pain

According to research so far, CBD appears to help with two types of pain: neuropathic and inflammatory.

For other types of pain, CBD appears to be less effective. CBD inhibits the release of glutamate and other inflammatory agents, which makes it “neuroprotective” and excellent for relieving the tingling and burning sensations of neuropathic pain.

BD can be used as a supplement to help manage neuropathic pain, along with other natural supplements such as magnesium glycinate. Studies have shown that cannabinoids (CBD and THC) are anti-inflammatory agents up to twenty times more potent than NSAIDs (eg Ibuprofen).

CBD and insomnia

The relationship between CBD and sleep is still not well understood. So far, dosage appears to play a role, with higher doses appearing to be more effective than lower doses. One study indicated that a dose of 160 mg of CBD correlated with longer sleep duration, while 25 mg of CBD no affect insomnia symptoms.

What keeps up at night? CBD can help with the symptoms that cause insomnia. If pain, anxiety or stress prevent you from falling asleep, CBD could be a help for a peaceful mind and body and restful sleep.

CBD and seizures

For children with epilepsy, many treatment options carry many side effects. When CBD started showing promise as an effective seizure treatment with few negative effects, researchers started paying attention.

In 2018, the FDA approved a CBD medicine called Epidiolex for the treatment of two forms of epilepsy: Dravet syndrome and Lennox-Gastaut syndrome.

As seen, we can therefore consider CBD as a valid and legal aid in various fields, being safe and unobtrusive at the same time, given almost no side effects.

Obviously for any of the problems listed above we recommend you to contact a specialist.

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